The carat is a unit of weight. It’s originates from the orient, where, in ancient times people used carob seeds to weigh precious stones.
For exemple: 1ct=0,2g
Most diamonds are cut in the brilliant round shape, but other cuts are very popular as well. The choice of a diamond’s shape is a question of taste.
One of the cutter’s goals is to make sure that the cut allows light to go through in the best possible way in order to optimize the diamond’s fire.
Too flat a cut light escapes
Ideal cut the light reflects back to the observer
Too deep a cut light escapes
The most famous color is white. To be more precise, one should say absence of color. Most diamonds have a small trace of yellow, brown, or gray.
|F||Rare white+||Top Wesselton|
|Slightly tinted white|
|Slightly tinted color|
There is a wide variety of colored diamonds, very rare and very valuable.
A diamond can have many inclusions, which are able to tell us about it’s history, origin, or particularities about the stone. These inclusions may also alter it’s transparency.
This scale is done by an expert (diamond cutter/merchant, gemologist) with a color corrected lense magnifying ten times.
A diamond having no visible inclusions when examined under a lens magnifying 10 X
Very Very Small included
Very, very small inclusion(s) barely visible (10 X mag.)
Very Small included
Very small inclusion(s) barely visible (10 X mag.)
Small inclusion(s) easily visible (10 X mag.)
and/or multiple inclusion(s) visible with no magnification